A simple mastectomy removes the overlying skin, nipple, areola, and the breast. This is performed for women who want to have a flat chest after surgery (no reconstruction).

A simple mastectomy can be done in conjunction with a sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) or an axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) (in which case it is called a modified radical mastectomy) if either of these procedures is necessary.

Women who are smokers have an increased risk of complications with any form of mastectomy or reconstruction; however, a simple mastectomy has the lowest risk compared to the other types.


total simple mastectomy

Total (Simple) Mastectomy

modified radical mastectomy

Modified Radical Mastectomy

mastectomy incision flat chest

Mastectomy Incision (Flat Chest)